Literature and Terrorism In an age of terror, how does literature help us transcend our reality, lend perspective to our confusion by pulling us into the past and other cultures, and give expression to our anguish and fear through catharsis? They survived it; so can we. In this course we will define terrorism the way the Arabs define it, as any organized violence, by an individual, group or state, legitimate or illegitimate, against a civilian population, either intentional or unintentional.
This would explain why their own governments so often fail. Also why, whenever existing governments are bad, Marxists immediately jump to the conclusion that they must be run by evil people who want them to be bad on purpose.
Mistake theorists treat politics as science, engineering, or medicine. The State is diseased. Conflict theorists treat politics as war. Different blocs with different interests are forever fighting to determine whether the State exists to enrich the Elites or to help the People.
Mistake theorists view debate as essential. We all bring different forms of expertise to the table, and once we all understand the whole situation, we can use wisdom-of-crowds to converge on the treatment plan that best fits the need of our mutual patient, the State.
Who wins on any particular issue is less important creating an environment where truth can generally prevail over the long term. Conflict theorists view debate as having a minor clarifying role at best.
Mistake theorists treat different sides as symmetrical. Both sides have about the same number of people. Both sides include some trustworthy experts and some loudmouth trolls. Both sides are equally motivated by trying to get a good economy. The only interesting difference is which one turns out after all the statistics have been double-checked and all the relevant points have been debated to be right about the matter at hand.
Conflict theorists treat the asymmetry of sides as their first and most important principle.
The Elites are few in number, but have lots of money and influence. The People are many but poor — yet their spirit is indomitable and their hearts are true.
Politics is won or lost by how well each side plays its respective hand. Mistake theorists love worrying about the complicated and paradoxical effects of social engineering. Did you know that anti-drug programs in school actually increase drug use? Did you know that many studies find raising the minimum wage hurts the poor?
Did you know that executing criminals actually costs more money than imprisoning them for life? Conflict theorists think this is more often a convenient excuse than a real problem. The Elites get giant yachts, and the People are starving to death on the streets.
And just enough People believe this that nobody ever gets around to achieving economic justice, and the Elites buy even bigger yachts, and the People keep starving.
Mistake theorists think you can save the world by increasing intelligence. You make technocrats smart enough to determine the best policy. You make politicians smart enough to choose the right technocrats and implement their advice effectively.
And you make voters smart enough to recognize the smartest politicians and sweep them into office. Conflict theorists think you can save the world by increasing passion. The rich and powerful win because they already work together effectively; the poor and powerless will win only once they unite and stand up for themselves.
You want activists tirelessly informing everybody of the important causes that they need to fight for. You want community organizers forming labor unions or youth groups. You want protesters ready on short notice whenever the enemy tries to pull a fast one.
And you want voters show up every time, and who know which candidates are really fighting for the people vs. For a mistake theorist, passion is inadequate or even suspect.
Wrong people can be just as loud as right people, sometimes louder. All that passion does is use pressure or even threats to introduce bias into the important work of debate and analysis. For a conflict theorist, intelligence is inadequate or even suspect.Chapter Two: Culture Learning Objectives Define culture and determine how it provides our basic orientations to life.
Analyze how ethnocentrism is different from cultural relativism. Explore the impact that different components of symbolic culture have on us.
Compare and contrast values, norms, and sanctions. If there is a strong match between these two levels, it is likely that both the behaviors and values are indicators of underlying cultural assumptions. However, if the two don't match, it is possible that the values are really either rationalizations or .
Free Dreams papers, essays, and research papers. In the World of Dreams - The science behind dreams can be used to find out the different types of dreams and how different age groups dream along with how different genders dream.
The term multiculturalism has a range of meanings within the contexts of sociology, of political philosophy, and of colloquial regardbouddhiste.com sociology and in everyday usage, it is a synonym for "ethnic pluralism", with the two terms often used interchangeably, for example, a cultural pluralism in which various ethnic groups collaborate and enter into a dialogue with one another without having to.
1 Miller critiqued Payne’s similar approach in which he looked at the “bar-umlaut” in relation to textual variation (p. , n. 29). In essence, Payne did not look at a control group which meant that the results of his study were not falsifiable. Br. Aurelius Moner is a Catholic monk who was has left the "nice" philosophy of Liberalism behind, having come to understand that the judgment, authority and strength of the Patriarchy is necessary to save civilization from "nice" people.