Essay on Aggression Article Shared by After reading this essay you will learn about: Subject-Matter of Aggression 2.
SHARE In almost every society men are the ones who are overwhelmingly involved in wars, in all kinds of intergroup aggressions and intragroup homicide; they mobilize themselves in armies of violent fans, in criminal gangs, in bands of thugs, etc. These observations are as old as the world and have allowed us to create a clear distinction between male and female sexes regarding their predisposition to violence.
The same thing is true of crime and cruelty, which are closely linked to masculinity. Canadian evolutionary psychologists Martin Daly and Margo Wilson, who specialize in studying the homicide phenomenon, have analyzed 35 homicide data sets from 14 countries, including some from primitive societies and some from different eras.
Among these societies men committed homocide, on average, 26 times more frequently than women [Daly, Wilson, ].
Also, familicides the killing of family members are committed mostly by men. Some data have shown that men were involved in more than 90 percent of cases [Wilson, Daly,p. Men are also, in 70 percent of cases, the victims of homicides.
In some societies, this percentage jumps to over 90 percent [Daly, Wilson, ; Berkowitz,p. In the Russian Federation, in Ninety-two percent of serial killers from the U. This statistical report is valid for most countries, regardless of their geographical location or size.
In Republic of Moldova, for example, about 90 percent of crimes are committed by men . Let us analyze another dimension of violence — cruelty and animal abuse. One of the studies that approached this issue found the following male-to-female ratio, regarding violence to animals: Why are men more aggressive than women?
Several theories have been proposed, trying to explain this phenomenon, most of them being from social psychological theories. One of the most popular theories belongs to American social psychologist Leonard Berkowitz.
According to him, men and women are educated, traditionally, to carry out different social roles. Berkowitz uses the following reasoning for his theory: Think of all the ways in which modern Western society teaches children that fighting is more suitable for men than to women.
Folk literature and the media constantly present men, and not women, fighting. Parents buy toy guns for boys and dolls for girls.
Parents are more willing to endorse and encourage the aggressive behavior of boys, and not of girls. Again and again, directly and indirectly, minors learn that men are aggressive, and women not [Berkowitz,p. It is presumed that girls and boys shall be educated and treated alike, non-discriminatory, and even the behavioral differences between them will disappear.
It was noted, among other things, that homicides in North America where it seems that the media fosters intense social roles are marked by sex differences to a lesser degree than in many other societies [Daly, Wilson,p.
Also important in this regard are the findings of social psychologists who have noted that the social emancipation of women in recent decades has barely influenced or enhanced the expressiveness of aggressive behavior in women, which is additional proof that the higher degree of masculine aggressiveness is, first of all, due to genetic factors.
Sex differences predetermine, on a genetic level, the differences in aggressive behavior [Wilson, Herrnstein, ]. Women use only language in competitive strategies [Buss, Dedden,apud Fitzgerald, Whitaker,p.
Most relevant in explaining the genesis of male aggressive behavior proved to be the approaches from an evolutionary perspective. Thus, the fact that men are more aggressive and stronger than women can be explained through intrasexual competition between males.
Men have inherited these skills from our evolutionary ancestors, because, in general, in the living world, gaining a higher hierarchical status, resources, protecting the family and obtaining competitive advantages in conquering women involves increased physical contest and increased aggressiveness [Buss, Duntley, ; Gat, ].Research shows that levels of overt aggression are higher in males; however, the levels of relational aggression are equal between both males and females (Bj", Lagerspetz, & Kaukiainen, ).
This does not mean that females are less aggressive than males. Essay about Active Aggression in Boys and Passive Aggression in Girls understanding moral and ethical development of individuals, we have been exposed to a vast amount of information enlightening us of the complex ways in which both males and females cognitively develop their moral and ethical values.
Male and female are having no difference on aggressive level and behaving violent in other situation such as defending and offending according to the study.
The reason of this difference is that males need to defeat other males to mate with female during the breeding season in . - Gender Differences In Aggression Previous research concerning peer aggression has been conducted under the assumption that women rarely display aggression; therefore, aggressive behavior has historically been viewed as a male phenomenon (Björkqvist, ).
- Nature of Aggression Aggression is the quintessential basis for all sociopathic behavior, and a primary concern in the fields of behavioral, developmental, social, and clinical psychology, and is covered to some extent in nearly every other field of psychology.
Gender Differences in Aggression Essay Words | 5 Pages. Gender Differences In Aggression Previous research concerning peer aggression has been conducted under the assumption that women rarely display aggression; therefore, aggressive behavior has historically been viewed as a male phenomenon (Björkqvist, ).