Police Brutality Police Brutality This paper is written to develop a precise understanding on the factors regarding police use of force. Police brutality is defined as the use of unnecessary, or excessive force by officers when dealing with incidents of the law. This type of force is often beyond needed in order to handle a situation. Police brutality, is majority of the time physical.
How to Write a Summary of an Article? Advanced Criminology Anthropological research data has shown the violence is an inherent conduct among the primate species Walker, In society, criminal violence is a common occurrence and legislators have suggested that the behavior of criminals be analyzed in order to identify any psychological patterns that are consistent among these particular types of individuals.
To date, the accumulation of research reports from the field of neuroscience is gradually affecting the concepts and effectivity of the justice system because of the shifting in the concept of human behavior and response to different stimuli.
Neuroscience has influenced our current understanding of the multiple factors that govern violent behavior among criminals.
The concept the human being develop specific behavioral patterns based on their environment is termed tabula rasa or blank state. This notion is considered to be a major influence Free essays on criminology the development of an individual. These external settings of an individual play a major role in the psychology of an individual, including his anti-social, aggression and criminal behavior.
It has thus been questioned for several decades whether criminals are born or could these particular individuals emerge after successive events in their lives that result in the transformation of a normal individual to a criminal. To date, there is much debate over the mechanism behind the entire concept of criminality.
Biologically or non-biologically influenced, criminality remains an elusive subject that still needs to be comprehensively analyzed. The 19th century classic report of Phineas Gage regarding the anti-social behavior that emerged after massive damage of the prefrontal cortex of his brain from a railroad accident is now considered as the birth of the field of forensic neurology Harlow, Today, computerized imaging of his fractured skull has shown that the autonomic and social nerve systems are the specific damages that were affected, thus resulting in a totally different individual.
Such observation, together with research results gathered from war veterans, has led to the conclusion that violent criminal behavior is caused by injuries to the frontal lobe of the brain.
It has then been proposed that injury to the prefrontal cortex of the brain causes a condition that has been coined as acquired sociopathy or pseudopsychopath Blair and Cipolotti, A related observation has also been observed between intelligence and alterations in the grey matter of the prefrontal cortex.
The connection between the decreased expression of the monoamine oxidase A enzyme and reactive violence has already been established Caspi et al.
Monoamine oxidase A is responsible for the catabolism of monoamines such as serotonin 5-HT. The working hypothesis currently accepted is that the prefrontal-amygdala connection is altered, resulting in a dysfunctional aggressive and violent behavior, resulting in criminality in particular individuals.
Hooton — is a highly acclaimed physical anthropologist and evolutionist. Much of his work focused on interindividual variations based on physiological and anatomical characteristics, including measurements of buttock-knee lengths as the main basis for constructing seats for the Pennsylvania railway trains.
Hooton was also recognized for his concepts in primatology and comparative anatomy as basis for explaining differences in the human as well as primate species. He was successful in describing a primary race, of which can be further subdivided in several racial subtypes.
He is a proponent of the concept of eugenics, which involves genetic selection of traits that are deemed beneficial to the current population.Aug 04, · Criminology is defined by the book Criminal Justice: A Brief Introduction, which was written by author Dr.
Frank Schmalleger, Ph.D., as “the scientific study of the causes and prevention of crime and the rehabilitation and punishment of offenders” (Schmalleger, , p. 20). This free Criminology essay on Police Brutality is perfect for Criminology students to use as an example.
Criminology CJA/ February 14, Criminology Criminology is the body of knowledge regarding crime as a social phenomenon. Criminology is the scientific approach to studying criminal behavior (Bryant & Peck, ).
Database of FREE Criminology essays - We have thousands of free essays across a wide range of subject areas. Sample Criminology essays! Free Essays words | ( pages) | Preview The Positivist School of Criminology - The positivist school was created in the 's and was based on the principle that the only way to truly understand something in society was by looking at it from a scientific point of view (Adler, Mueller, and Laufer ).
Criminology - The Rational Choice Theory.
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