Hammurabis code of laws

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Hammurabis code of laws

The laws varied according to social class and gender. Other rank-based penalties were even more significant. The Code also listed different punishments for men and women with regard to marital infidelity.

Law Code of Hammurabi

Men were allowed to have extramarital relationships with maid-servants and slaves, but philandering women were to be bound and tossed into the Euphrates along with their lovers.

The Code established a minimum wage for workers. Several edicts in the Code referenced specific occupations and dictated how much the workers were to be paid.

Doctors, meanwhile, were entitled to 5 shekels for healing a freeborn man of a broken bone or other injury, but only three shekels for a freed slave and two shekels for a slave. The Code includes one of the earliest examples of the presumption of innocence.

For example, when two parties had a dispute, legal protocol allowed them to bring their case before a judge and provide evidence and witnesses to back up their claims.

Historians are still unsure of the role the Code played in Babylonian culture. The statutes could have been a list of amendments to an even earlier and more expansive set of general laws, but they might also have acted as a set of judicial precedents compiled from real world cases.

Some historians have even argued the Code was not a working legal document at all, but rather a piece of royal propaganda created to enshrine Hammurabi as a great and just ruler. However the Code operated, there is little doubt that the pillar itself was intended for public display.

The Code endured even after Babylon was conquered. Copying the Code also appears to have been a popular assignment for scribes-in-training.

In fact, fragments of the laws have been found on clay tablets dating to as late as the 5th century B. Historians believe the Elamite King Shutruk-Nahhunte plundered the four-ton slab during a 12th century B. Shutruk-Nahhunte is thought to have erased several columns from the monument to make space for his own inscription, but no text was ever added.

Today, the pillar is kept on display at the Louvre Museum in Paris.

Hammurabis code of laws

We strive for accuracy and fairness. But if you see something that doesn't look right, contact us! Twice a week we compile our most fascinating features and deliver them straight to you.Laws of Ancient Greece Laws of Ancient Greece - Early Laws.

After the Dark Ages - About BC - and beginning at about BC, the Ancient Greeks had no official laws or punishments.

8 Things You May Not Know About Hammurabi’s Code - HISTORY

The Code of Hammurabi: During the first two decades of his forty-two year reign (B.C.), Hammurabi fortified several cities in northern Babylonia. A collection of scholarly works about individual liberty and free markets.

A project of Liberty Fund, Inc. Facsimile PDF MB This is a facsimile or image-based PDF made from scans of the original book.


Kindle KB This is an E-book formatted for Amazon Kindle devices. EBook PDF KB This. Duhaime's LawMuseum, the Law's Hall of Fame (and of Shame), Timetable of Legal History, legal artifacts and historical law documents.

"Hammurabi, the king of righteousness, on whom Shamash has conferred the law, am I." "An eye for an eye, and a tooth for a tooth." This phrase, along with the idea of written laws, goes back to ancient Mesopotamian culture that prospered long before the Bible was written or the civilizations of the.

PROLOGUE When Anu the Sublime, King of the Anunaki, and Bel, the lord of Heaven and earth, who decreed the fate of the land, assigned to Marduk, the over-ruling son of Ea, God of righteousness, domin-.

8 Things You May Not Know About Hammurabi’s Code - HISTORY